Sindh Blood Transfusion Authority

  • Dr. Dur-E-Naz

    Secretary, Sindh Blood Transfusion Authority, DOH, Govt. of Sindh

    Address: Import and Inspection Medical Store Depot ( M. S. Depot)

    Rafique Shaheed Road, Near JPMC, Karachi

     

    Sindh is the second most populous province of Pakistan. To the east of the province is the Thar Desert, the Kirthar Mountains to the west, and the Arabian Sea in the south. In the centre is a fertile plain around the Indus River. The province has 49.5% urban population and 50.5% rural population. Its population is 47.89 million and covers an area of 140,914 sq Km and has 29 administrative districts. Karachi is the provincial capital with a population of 14 million. Sindh has Pakistan's second largest economy. It also has the second highest Human Development Index among the provinces at 0.628. The infant mortality rate in the province is 82 per 1000 live births. The literacy rate is 55%.

    Sindh took the lead in developing a blood safety Act in 1997. And the Sindh Blood Transfusion Authority was constituted in 1998, under section 5 (1) of this Act. A revision of the Law was done in 2005 and the BTA was re-activated. Since then, the BTA has been performing its functions (inspections, monitoring, licensing, etc).

    Many hospital-based and stand-alone blood banks are operating in the province. In general the private sector is dominating the blood bank scenario in Sindh and covers 80% of blood needs with family replacement donors representing more than 80% of all collected whole blood. Reputable private and public sector blood banks in hospitals like Aga Khan Hospital, Indus Hospital, JPMC and Liaquat National Hospital are providing quality services. The NGO sector is also make very significant contributions and are cater to the needs of the thalassaemia patients and include organizations like Husaini Blood Bank, Fatimid Foundation etc.

    As per National Data Collection Report 2016, total number of licensed blood banks in the province are 159. The total number of annual donations in the province are 520,941 in the year 2016. The number of male donors among this donor population is 397,610 (76.3%) while female donors are 123,331 (23.7%). The family donations form the larger section of total donations that is 502,246 (96.4%) while voluntary donations are 18,695 (3.6%). The number of components prepared in Punjab are 240,822 RCCs, 85,279 WBCs, 212,803 FFPs, 120,142 Platelets, 5824 Cryoprecipitates and 483 SDPAs.

    Four modern Regional Blood Centers have been developed in Sindh through the German government funded Safe Blood Transfusion Programme in Karachi, Jamshoro, Nawabshah and Sukkur. The DoH is operationalizing these RBCs through Public Private Partnership mode. These RBCs when properly operational will provide quality assured services to people of the province. In the second phase of this project, large public sector hospital blood banks are being upgraded to function as Regional Blood Centers. Thye private NGO sector blood banks are also being strengthened.

     


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